Infertility in Women


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    What is infertility?

    Infertility is when you have had sex without using birth control for 1 year and you have not gotten pregnant. It can be caused by problems in a man’s or a woman’s body.

    What is the cause of infertility in women?

    1. Often the reason a woman cannot get pregnant is that no eggs come out of her ovaries. This can happen for many reasons. For example:

    • Your hormones may not be balanced.

    • You may have a tumor or cyst in your ovaries.

    • You may have a problem with your thyroid, adrenal, or pituitary glands.

    • Your cycle may be too short.

    • You may be overweight.

    • You may have lost too much weight.

    • You may be under too much stress and worry.

    • You may use street drugs or tobacco, or drink too much alcohol.

    • You may have a medical illness such as diabetes.

    2. The tubes that go from your ovaries to your uterus may have been damaged. This could have happened in many ways. For example:

    • You may have had a disease that scarred your tubes.

    • You may have a birth defect.

    • You may have had surgery on your tubes.

    3. You may have trouble with your uterus:

    • You may have tissue from the uterus growing outside the uterus (Endometriosis)

    • You may have growths called fibroids or polyps in the uterus.

    • Your uterus may not have a normal shape. It may not be in the right position.

    • You may have scar tissue inside the uterus.

    • Your opening of your uterus into your vagina (the cervix) may be very narrow or nearly closed.

    • The mucus produced by your cervix may not be normal.

    4. You may also have these problems:

    • You may have DES syndrome because your mother took the medicine DES when she was pregnant with you.

    • Your body may be allergic to sperm. It may kill sperm.

    • You may have a problem caused by your genes.

    • You also become less fertile as you get older, especially after age 30.

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